Diabetes can damage the blood vessels and nerves in the legs and hands. This is a very bad combination. Nerve damage will reduce sensation and diminished blood flow will slow down wound healing. You will not know when you are wounded, you will not be caring for your wound and your body will not be healing itself well. The wound will get worse to form a diabetic sore. If this is not treated early, it could lead to severe complications, even an amputation. You can prevent all these complications with a little preventive foot care.
The most important preventive step is to manage your diabetes. Keep your blood sugar levels within normal range with the right medicines, diet and exercise. This will limit many diseasse caused by diabetes.
Foot care tips to prevent foot sores.
Wash your feet with warm water and a mild soap. After a quick and thorough wash, dry your feet carefully. Take special care to dry between your toes.
If you have corns or calluses gently smooth them in one direction with an emery board or pumice stone just after the wash when they are softer.
If you have dry skin on your feet, moisten it with lotion after you dry your feet. Don’t choose any random lotion, but check with your doctor to get the right type of lotion for your feet. Don’t put lotion between toes.
Check your feet for sores, scratches, blisters, redness, calluses etc. everyday. This is the best way to detect any injuries to your feet the day they are formed. You can start treatment immediately to prevent any complications.
Cut your toenails every week. Cut them straight across and not curved around the edges. Always cut only with a nail clipper and smooth them with a nail file.
Never walk barefoot or wear open sandals. Always wear closed footwear that fit well. Get the correct size. Use only canvas or leather footwear and break into new pairs gradually. Your toes should have wiggle room and should not be fitted tightly together. If you have a foot deformity, wear the right special shoes. Before putting on your shoes, check the insides for any small objects that may have fallen in. These could injure your feet through constant friction.
Wear socks or stockings that have soft elastic. They should fit well and there should be no wrinkles. If your feet get cold, wear socks at night. Wear socks when walking on the beach or on hot pavements.
Move your feet and toes often even while sitting down to improve circulation. Put up your feet while sitting. Avoid crossing your legs for long periods.
And most importantly, stop smoking to improve blood flow in your feet.
Get a regular diabetic check-up and get your feet checked every time. It would be ideal if you can get your feet checked by a podiatrist once in 2 or 3 months to prevent foot problems.
Beware of the signs of foot problems. If you notice any colour or temperature changes, if there is swelling, pain, open sore, ingrown toenails, or any other problem in your feet, consult a doctor immediately. Early treatment can prevent complications and timely surgery can help cure even severe foot problems.
We offer the best surgical treatment for diabetic foot ulcers. Comprehensive management of the condition and best wound treatment options are available under one roof. If you have any foot problems consult our expert today.