Fungus is an organism that is found everywhere. It thrives in warm and moist environments. They are found in soil, on damp walls, stale food, moist newspapers, plants, fruits and vegetables etc. They are usually harmless, but sometimes if your immunity is low or due to some other reasons, they may multiply faster than normal or could penetrate your skin. This could lead to an infection. A fungal infection is common in areas of the body that do not have good air circulation, and are warm and moist such as feet, groin, skin folds, ears and mucous membranes. The infection spreads through direct contact with the affected part or contact with clothing and other personal items.
The common fungus infections are tinea versicolor which infects the back, chest or upper arms, cutaneous infection in the breasts and skin folds, onychomycosist that affects the finger and toe nails and ringworm that can occurs in any part of the body including the scalp. Ringworm in the feet is called athlete’s foot and in the groin is called jock itch.
Treatment options for fungal infection
Fungal infections are treated with antifungal medication, which either kill the fungus or reduce their growth. The treatment options for fungus infection are many and include antifungal Pills, Creams or ointments, Powders, Sprays and Shampoo.
For a quicker recovery keep the affected area clean and dry, and wear loose clothes and shoes that breathe.
Fungal infections cause a great deal of discomfort, so it is better to prevent them in the first place.
Follow these tips to prevent fungal infection:
Maintain personal hygiene
Dry your body well with a clean dry towel after a shower, bath or swim
Wash clothes regularly and wear clean clothes everyday
Never wear damp socks and underwear
Avoid wearing tight fitting clothes
Wear clothes made of natural fibre that allow skin to breathe
Never share personal items such as clothing etc.
Wear shoes that allow air circulation
Wear ear plugs when you swim
Avoid walking barefoot in damp and wet places
If you have a scaly itchy disoloured area of skin, consult a doctor to check if it is a fungal infection. With the right treatment you can get rid of the infection easily.