Kidneys are the body’s cleansers. They clean blood of toxins that would otherwise build up to dangerous levels and damage all organs of the body. Even though there are two kidneys, one healthy kidney is enough to purify the blood. That is why you will never know if a kidney is damaged as the other functions well enough to keep you healthy. It is only when both kidneys are damaged that you will start having symptoms. So, it is very important to take steps to keep your kidneys healthy even when you think they are working fine.
Tips to keep your kidneys healthy
Adopt a healthy diet
A healthy diet with the best balance of nutrients is essential to maintain kidney health and manage your weight. Limit intake of salt as too much sodium can lead to high blood pressure which can damage the kidneys. Limit sugar intake. Too much sugar may cause type 2 diabetes. If you have a kidney disease, follow the diet given by your doctor strictly to allow your kidneys to repair themselves and prevent further damage.
Manage blood sugar and blood cholesterol
If you have diabetes or high cholesterol, you should keep them under control with the right medications, diet and exercise. Uncontrolled sugar can damage kidneys and high cholesterol will lead to high blood pressure which will damage the fine capillaries in the kidneys leading to kidney failure.
Drink enough fluids
Kidneys flush out toxins along with excess water as urine. As long as you drink enough water, your urine will be dilute and clear. If there is not enough water in your blood, the urine will be highly concentrated with the toxins and will be dark. If you have a habit of drinking too little fluids and your urine is chronically concentrated with toxins, you increase the risk of developing kidney stones.
Don’t take over the counter medications
Every medicine you take passes through the kidney. Certain drugs, which you may think as harmless, may actually damage your kidneys. Over the counter pain killers and anti-inflammatory drugs should never be taken daily or regularly without consulting your doctor. A single dose once in a while may not cause harm, but regular use without doctor supervision will definitely lead to major kidney problems. Antibiotics and laxatives should also not be taken without consulting a doctor.
Limit alcohol and quit smoking
Alcohol is removed from your blood by the kidneys. Sometimes binge drinking can lead to a fast build-up of toxins in the blood and the kidneys may fail to cope with this sudden surge. This will lead to acute kidney injury. Though this can be reversed with treatment, it increases the chances of developing chronic kidney disease.
Smoking interferes with kidney function leading to slower excretion of creatinine and excess accumulation of albumin in the urine. Quit smoking to help return your kidneys to full function.
Exercise and keep active
Staying active and exercising regularly is good of overall health. It will help manage chronic diseases such as diabetes, high cholesterol and blood pressure, which damage kidneys over time. Stay active to keep your kidneys in good health.
Regular medical check-up
Hypertension, diabetes and obesity increase the risk of developing kidney disease. If you have any chronic conditions, if you have a family history of kidney disease or are obese, you should have regular medical check-up. Take all steps to manage your health condition and keep your weight under control to prevent damage to kidneys.
For comprehensive kidney care, consult our specialists today.