Chronic kidney disease is loss of kidney function that occurs gradually over a period of time. This is also called chronic kidney failure. In the early stages there may not be any major symptoms. As the disease progresses, the kidneys become more and more inefficient in filtering out wastes from the blood and you will begin to feel unwell. At the final stage there will be dangerous levels of electrolytes and toxins in the blood leading to severe impairment of body function.
Symptoms of Chronic Kidney Disease are
- Nausea & Vomiting
- Loss of appetite
- Fatigue & weakness
- Sleep problems
- Swollen feet & ankles
- Changes in urine output
- Decreased mental faculties
- Muscle twitches and cramps
- Persistent itching
- Fluid build-up causing chest pain/ shortness of breath
- Uncontrollable high blood pressure
Causes of chronic kidney disease include diabetes, hypertension, kidney infection, kidney disease, obstruction of urinary tract due to cancers, enlarged prostate or kidney stones.
You are at increased risk of chronic kidney disease if you have diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, family history of kidney disease, abnormal kidney structure, smoking habit or are obese.
Treatment of chronic kidney disease involves managing the underlying condition that has caused the disease. Treatment aims at slowing the progression of the disease. When end-stage kidney failure is reached then you will need to undergo dialysis for purifying the blood or a kidney transplant.
Prevention of chronic kidney disease is possible by reducing your risk factors. Do not self-medicate, maintain healthy weight, do not smoke, manage diabetes, blood pressure and heart disease.
If you have a family history of kidney disease and have a few of the risk factors, have a preventive health check up regularly. If you have any of the symptoms of kidney failure, consult a doctor immediately.
By following diet and lifestyle changes advised by your doctor, taking the medication prescribed regularly and managing health conditions you can slow down the progression of chronic kidney failure.
For comprehensive kidney care contact our specialist today.